Sources of clean energy, solar farms are flourishing like mushrooms. What is it, how does it work, what is the impact on the environment and what are the developments expected for the green energy produced by its equipment?
What is a solar farm?
The solar farm is a farm that extends over several hectares and produces electrical energy or thermal energy (heat) by recovering that emitted by the sun’s rays, thanks to panels called “photovoltaic” or “solar.” “Its panels store solar radiation and convert it into energy that humans can use. Do you want to know How many kilowatts are there in a megawatt and gigawatts?
A solar farm, what is it?
A solar or photovoltaic farm is a solar power plant installed on several hectares of land. It is a sort of “field of solar panels”.
Solar farms: extensive areas
Photovoltaic solar farms are very large-scale projects. Indeed, we must think that on 505 m2, we bring in about 266 solar panels or 100 kWp (kilowatt peak) of installation power. A project of one hectare or 10,000 m2 involves the installation of approximately 5,000 panels.
As the specialist media Conscience des Energies reminds us, “A photovoltaic surface of one watt the peak can thus provide one watt of power under optimal conditions of sunshine and ground temperature”, namely:
- Solar radiation of 1000 W/m²;
- An inclination of 45° and a clear sky;
- Solar panels at a temperature of 25°C.
These solar farms are used to generate electricity to supply homes and businesses with green electricity. They are connected to the juice box solar electricity grid.
How a photovoltaic farm works
This technology aims to transform solar radiation directly into electricity using photovoltaic cells. The latter, exposed to light, absorbs photon energy—these set electrons in motion, which are caught by an internal electric field. The electrons collected on the cell’s surface generate a direct electric current. Do you want to know what company manufactures, and sells solar power systems and maintenance near you?
The output voltage of a photovoltaic cell is low (about 0.6 V). This is why the cells are connected in series. Then encapsulated between—a glass plate On the front and another moisture-proof material on the back.
1. They thus form a photovoltaic module, also called panel 1. These interconnected panels include a power plant. They produce a direct current transformed into an alternating current by an inverter.
2. This current passes through a transformer
3. It is raised to the voltage of the electrical network to be injected into the distribution circuit
4. The material most commonly used today for cells is silicon, but research is progressing on other compounds (indium, selenium, organic). Photovoltaic panels can also be integrated into a building or installed on the ground, thus forming a local power plant.
A photovoltaic farm consists of several elements:
- Solar panels that receive the sun’s rays and produce direct current;
- An inverter that converts direct current into the alternating current;
- A transformer helps to increase the voltage of the current.
These three elements constitute the three major stages of photovoltaic electrons.
Solar farms and agricultural spaces
Who says farm does not necessarily mean agricultural areas? Indeed, very often, solar power plants are not installed on arable land that can be used for agriculture.
They are generally found on land that cannot be used for agricultural purposes. It could be:
1. Polluted surfaces
2. Old brownfield sites
3. Exhausted careers
These lands can also be pastures. Of course, without disturbing the tranquility of our friends, the sheep or cattle! In general, it’s a win-win combo. Animals “mow with their tongues” the lawn, and solar panels can give them little shaded spots.
What impact on the environment do solar farms have?
Above all, solar farms produce green or clean energy, i.e., they use primary energy (that of the sun), which does not pollute or very little when transformed into energy (electricity).
For example, producing clean energy is particularly important when we remember the earthquake and the tsunami that occurred in Japan in March 2011 and seriously damaged the reactors of the Fukushima nuclear power plant.
Finally, solar farms fit well into the environment, unlike other facilities that produce electrical energy, such as nuclear power plants, dams, or even very high wind turbines.
They do not make noise and do not require heavy installations which damage the landscape. In addition, they can quite easily dismantle solar farms and their panels when they no longer work. Solar energy is relatively less expensive, so choosing solar power will increase your spending power. Because when you select juice box solar, it will save you extra. You have to install panels one time. Get the best solar panel today!
In a NutShell,
Nowadays, electricity costs are high and solar panel is the only way to save a heavy amount and it is also environmentally-friendly. So if you are looking for the best solar panel services in town, juice box solar is the best place for panels. You can visit our official website for more details. Solar panel systems are relatively cheap if you hire a juice box solar company because they are experts in their field and reduce your maintenance cost. This way, you can save a lot of electricity bills and regular maintenance costs. The juice box solar company cleared everything at the beginning to reduce future confusion.