When you make up your mind to conceive, you want it to happen soon. However, that might not happen every time. You need to wait and sometimes the wait can be pretty long. Therefore be patient when you decide to have a child. Sometimes all you need to do is give yourself some time and get rid of stress and it happens. However, sometimes it is not like that. The problem in conception can be due to infertility. It can happen in both genders, men, and women.
In this blog, we will discuss the causes of female infertility. If you are struggling to conceive, you must visit a healthcare provider. To get an expert opinion, you can consult a gynecologist doctor in Karachi. JUQ-078
Infertility in women is a condition in which the female can not conceive and give birth to a child in some way. For heterosexual couples, in which the diagnosis of infertility is made after a year of inability to conceive, one-third of the causes of infertility are due to a problem associated with males, another one-third are due to problems with females, and one-third are due to combination or due to some unknown reasons.
Whenever the cause of infertility is because of the female partner, it is termed “female infertility”.
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What Exactly Causes Female Infertility?
Female infertility can be due to many reasons. However, in some cases, it can be difficult to identify the exact cause, and some couples may have “unexplained” infertility or “multifactorial” infertility, which means the cause can not be identified or there are multiple causes that involve factors related to both the male and the female.
A few causes of female infertility are:
● Problems with the uterus:
There may be some problems associated with the uterus, like polyps, fibroids, septum, or adhesions inside the uterus. Uterine polyps and uterine fibroids can form on their own, at any time, whereas other irregularities (like a septum) may be present at birth.
Adhesions in the uterine cavity can form after surgery, like dilation and curettage (D&C).
● Problems and complications with the fallopian tubes:
The most common cause of infertility is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is usually caused by organisms, like chlamydia and gonorrhea.
● Problems with ovulation:
Anovulation is another reason for female infertility. There are many explanations why a woman may not ovulate (release an egg) regularly. A few reasons are
● hormonal imbalances
● a past eating disorder
● substance abuse
● thyroid conditions
● severe stress
● pituitary tumor
● Problems with egg number and quality:
The number of eggs women have at birth is all the eggs that they will ever have. There is a fixed number of eggs in women. This fixed supply may “run out” early before menopause which can lead to infertility in women. In addition, some eggs may have an abnormal number of chromosomes, or they may not be able to get fertilized or grow into a healthy fetus. Some of these chromosomal issues (such as “balanced translocation” or “deletion of chromosome”) may affect all of the eggs.
Which Women Are At Risk for Female Infertility?
Many factors can increase a woman’s risk of female infertility. A few specific factors include:
● Hormonal changes
● Abnormal menstrual cycle
● Structural problems
● Uterine fibroids or cysts
● Autoimmune disorders
● Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
● Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
● Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)
● Excess alcohol consumption
Impact Of Age On Female Infertility
As the age increases, the chances of women becoming pregnant may decrease. Many women who try to conceive after their 30s or 40s are unable to give birth because of the following factors:
● Fewer eggs
● Chromosomal abnormalities
● Health conditions
The Bottom Line
Difficulty in conception does not mean infertility every time. Therefore you should not rush and panic if you can not conceive soon. Sometimes your body needs a little more time, and you get pregnant. In all cases, never leave hope.
Females having difficulty with conception should visit a healthcare provider. To get an expert opinion, you can consult with gynecologists in Lahore.